Full Title: Advancing Technology for America’s Transportation Future
Author(s): Clarence P. Cazalot, Jr., Linda A. Capuano, Daniel P. Poneman, David B. Sandalow, James W. Owens, Deanne M. Short, John S. Watson, S. Shariq Yosufzai, John M. Deutch, Stephen R. Brand
Publisher(s): National Petroleum Council
Publication Date: 8/2012
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Transportation in the United States is undergoing dramatic changes. These changes could evolve at an accelerated rate dependent on the speed of technology advancements and the economic viability of alternative fuels and vehicles. Vehicles powered by petroleum and internal combustion engines (ICE) – the foundation of travel for over a century – continue to become more efficient and cleaner. They now run on petroleum blended with biofuels, some of their engines are assisted by electric motors, and they are being joined on the nation’s roadways by vehicles running on natural gas, electricity, and hydrogen.
For example, natural gas is used in urban buses and refuse vehicles and is being introduced in trucks; biofuels comprise 10% of U.S. gasoline; a growing number of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and all-electric vehicles are becoming available to consumers; and, shortly, hydrogen fuel cell passenger vehicles will enter the market.