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Herschel Specter

Micro-Utilities, Inc.

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Herschel is a professional engineer with over 50 years of experience in the electric power industry. After graduating from MIT and serving as a commissioned officer in the U.S. Army, he started his career in physics, thermal hydraulics, and heat transfer. In 1965, he joined the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) where he established national containment acceptance criteria. Later, as the AEC licensing manager for the Indian Point 3 (IP3) Plant, he completed its safety review, wrote the safety evaluation report, and presented his results before the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS). This led to the licensing of this plant. He was then selected by AEC Commissioner Doub to serve at diplomat rank at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, Austria (1974-1979). He returned in 1979 to the Department of Energy where he worked on the safety of our Defense Nuclear Systems. In 1981 the New York Power Authority (NYPA) offered him the position of Manager of an adjudicatory hearing defending IP3. Later, as Technical Advisor to NYPA’s Executive Vice President, he was asked by the Department of Energy to chair a national committee on emergency planning. The final report was forwarded to Congress. He also chaired NUMARC’s Task Force on Emergency Planning. The NUMARC report (NUMARC/NESP-005) was distributed to all U.S. nuclear utilities. He was a guest lecturer at Harvard for over five years on emergency planning. In 1992 he initiated a national effort on “Risk-Based Regulation” (RBR) and presented this concept to all five NRC Commissioners at a public hearing. Risk based regulation has become the centerpiece for modernizing the nuclear regulatory process at the NRC and within the nuclear industry. He has written fundamental papers on this subject, assisted EPRI in initiating its program on risk-based regulation, appeared before national regulatory and industry groups, been a guest lecturer and invited international speaker, chaired industry committees on this subject and have been an active member on others. In 1993 he wrote the ANS Policy Statement on RBR. In addition to my RBR activities, he has published extensively on other nuclear safety issues, on the environment, and on energy policy matters. He has served on an editorial board of an international energy journal.

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