Full Title: California Plug-In Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Projections: 2017-2025
Author(s): Abdulkadir Bedir, Noel Crisostomo, Jennifer Allen, Eric Wood, and Clément Rames
Publisher(s): California Energy Commission
Publication Date: 03/2018

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Description (excerpt):

This report analyzes plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) infrastructure needs in California from 2017 to 2025 in a scenario where the state’s zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) deployment goals are achieved by light-duty vehicles, primarily in residential use. The statewide infrastructure needs are evaluated by using the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Projection tool, which incorporates representative statewide travel data from the 2010-2012 California Household Travel Survey.

The infrastructure solution presented in this assessment addresses two primary objectives: (1) enabling travel for battery-electric vehicles and (2) maximizing the electric vehicle-miles traveled for plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles. The analysis is performed at the county level for each year between 2017 and 2025 while considering potential technology improvements. The results from this study present an infrastructure solution that can promote market growth for PEVs to reach the state’s ZEV goals by 2025. The results show a need for 99,000 to 133,000 destination chargers, including at workplaces and public locations, and 9,000 to 25,000 fast chargers. The results also show a need for home charging solutions at multifamily dwellings, which are expected to host about 121,000 PEVs by 2025. Therefore, the total number of chargers needed to support PEVs in California ranges from 229,000 to 279,000. This range does not account for chargers at single-family homes. An improvement to the scientific literature, this analysis evaluates the significance of infrastructure reliability and accessibility on the quantification of charger demand.