Full Title: Building a Robust and Resilient U.S. Lithium Battery Supply Chain
Author(s): Aakash Arora, Dr. William Acker, Brian Collie, Danny Kennedy, David Roberts, Ian Roddy, James Greenberger, John Cerveny, Dr. Nathan Niese, Dr. Venkat Srinivasan, and Vijay Dhar
Publisher(s): Argonne National Laboratory
Publication Date: February 13, 2023
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In early 2022, the U.S. Department of Energy identified and brought together the leading experts in lithium battery technology from across the U.S. industry in a project called Li‑Bridge. The purpose of Li‑Bridge is to develop a strategy for establishing a robust and sustainable supply chain for lithium battery technology in North America.
Lithium-based energy storage will be one of the key technologies of the 21st century. Lithium batteries will power the majority of vehicles manufactured over the next 50 years and will be essential to military systems, power grids (which are increasingly reliant on variable, renewable energy), and all manner of consumer, medical, and industrial electronics.
Building a robust and sustainable lithium battery manufacturing base in the United States will require addressing a number of challenges that have depressed investment in the domestic lithium battery supply chain to date. It will also need to respond to the aggressive actions of competing nations that recognized the importance of lithium battery technology early on.