Full Title: Distribution System Investments to Enable Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Electrification
Author(s): Lucy Metz, Melissa Whited, Paul Rhodes, and Ellen Carlson
Publisher(s): Synapse Energy Economics & Environmental Defense Fund
Publication Date: April 14, 2023
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To meet its climate goals, New York will need to electrify the majority of its medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, which include tractor trailers, delivery buses, refuse trucks, and large pickup trucks and vans. Distribution system and site upgrades will be necessary to support higher load on the grid and accommodate installation of charging stations. Currently, the costs of these upgrades fall largely on individual fleet owners, which may hinder electrification. One way to support rapid vehicle electrification would be to socialize more of these costs through a vehicle make-ready program.
On behalf of the Environmental Defense Fund, Synapse calculated the costs and revenues that a vehicle make-ready program would generate in two regions of New York. We found that a make-ready program would have neutral-to-beneficial impact on rates in both utility service areas for the period 2023-2045.