Full Title: Dynamics of the coupled human-climate system resulting from closed-loop control of solar geoengineering
Author(s): Douglas G. MacMartin, Ben Kravitz, David W. Keith, and Andrew Jarvis
Publication Date: May 1, 2013
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If solar radiation management (SRM) were ever implemented, feedback of the observed climate state might be used to adjust the radiative forcing of SRM in order to compensate for uncertainty in either the forcing or the climate response. Feedback might also compensate for unexpected changes in the system, e.g. a nonlinear change in climate sensitivity. However, in addition to the intended response to greenhouse-gas induced changes, the use of feedback would also result in a geoengineering response to natural climate variability. We use a box-diﬀusion dynamic model of the climate system to understand how changing the properties of the feedback control aﬀect the emergent dynamics of this coupled human-climate system, and evaluate these predictions using the HadCM3L general circulation model. In particular, some ampliﬁcation of natural variability is unavoidable; any time delay (e.g., to average out natural variability, or due to decision-making) exacerbates this ampliﬁcation, with oscillatory behavior possible if there is a desire for rapid correction (high feedback gain). This is a challenge for policy as a delayed response is needed for decision making. Conversely, the need for feedback to compensate for uncertainty, combined with a desire to avoid excessive ampliﬁcation of natural variability, results in a limit on how rapidly SRM could respond to changes in the observed state of the climate system.