The OurEnergyLibrary aggregates and indexes publicly available fact sheets, journal articles, reports, studies, and other publications on U.S. energy topics. It is updated every week to include the most recent energy resources from academia, government, industry, non-profits, think tanks, and trade associations. Suggest a resource by emailing us at email@example.com.
Although liquefied natural gas (LNG) contains less carbon per unit of energy than conventional marine fuels, its use might not reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on a life-cycle basis. This paper compares the life-cycle GHG emissions of LNG, marine gas oil (MGO), very low sulfur fuel oil, and heavy fuel oil when used in engines suitable for international shipping, including cruise ships. The analysis includes upstream emissions, combustion emissions, and unburned methane (methane slip), and we evaluate the climate impacts using 100-year and 20-year global warming potentials (GWPs).…View Full Resource
The Annual Energy Outlook presents an assessment by the U.S. Energy Information Administration of the outlook for energy markets through 2050.…View Full Resource
People across America regularly breathe polluted air that increases their risk of premature death, and can also trigger asthma attacks and other adverse health impacts.
In 2018, 108 million Americans lived in areas that experienced more than 100 days of degraded air quality. That is equal to more than three months of the
year in which ground-level ozone (the main ingredient in smog) and/or particulate pollution was above the level that the EPA has determined presents “little to no risk.” These Americans live in 89 large and small urban areas,* and in 12 rural counties. Millions more Americans are exposed …
As the third decade of 21st century begins, the oil and gas industry faces opposition from a public greatly concerned with the environmental impact of fossil fuels, ever-more skeptical shareholders, and challenges from policy makers seeking to simultaneously meet decarbonization goals and expected oil and gas demand. Amidst a global energy transition, the demand, financial, and social future of oil and gas companies is increasingly in question.
However, even with these obstacles, oil and gas remain an important part of the energy mix, especially in developing regions. The International Energy Agency’s Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS) and the Shell Sky Scenario—both …View Full Resource
The 2020 US presidential election will have a profound impact on global energy markets and broad implications for US trade, foreign, energy, and climate policies. Today, the Republican and Democratic parties are farther apart on these issues than at any other moment in recent history. The Republican Party, led by US President Donald J. Trump, will continue to prioritize his “energy dominance” agenda. This agenda favors expanded production and access to all fuels, with a focus on abundant US fossil fuel resources and a sharply circumscribed role for emissions reductions and climate policy. Early proposals from the Democratic presidential candidates …View Full Resource
A growing body of research has shown that continued investment in fossil fuel extraction will put global climate goals out of reach. The contradiction between a climate-safe emissions trajectory and increasing fossil fuel production is most stark in the United States, which the shale boom has made the world’s leading oil and gas producer. One key factor in triggering this boom was the 2015 removal of the decades-old ban on crude oil exports. As Jim Teague, the chief executive of Enterprise Products, the U.S.’s largest crude exporter, told The Dallas Morning News in November 2019, “Without the crude oil export …View Full Resource
The Oregon Legislative Assembly is again considering the introduction of a price on carbon emissions as an element of an economy-wide initiative aimed at achieving the state’s climate goals of achieving a 45 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels by 2035, and 80 percent by 2050. Carbon pricing would begin in 2022. An important portion of carbon revenues will be directed to investments to help the state achieve these goals. The proposal will be considered during the state’s legislative session, which this year is a short (35 day) session that begins February 3. If the proposal is …View Full Resource
When considering what a global energy system on a 1.5°C or 2°C pathway will look like by 2050, hydrogen consistently plays a critical role as a low-carbon fuel. In fact, for several industrial application areas, there are no other viable pathways to decarbonization.
Our report, Hydrogen’s Decarbonization Impact for Industry: Near-term Challenges and Long-term Potential, highlights the immediate decarbonization potential of hydrogen as an alternative to fossil fuels in some industrial processes.…View Full Resource
Plug and Play Distributed Energy Resources Will Supercharge the Energy Ecosystem
Currently, deployments of innovative distributed energy resources (DERs) are being held back by one important thing. It is costly in time and effort to get them to work together. With interoperability for the electric grid, envision a neighborhood has solar generation directed to EV charging and storage during times of high production and low costs. When the sun sets, stored energy is used to meet the local increased load, reducing stress on the grid and maintaining comfort and convenience for the customers. This future is what the finalists of …View Full Resource
Offshore wind power is an exciting new frontier for American energy production, where technological advances, business opportunity, and policy are converging to unlock a reliable natural resource. Offshore wind will bring tens of thousands of highly-skilled U.S. jobs, strengthen coastal economies, and deliver vast amounts of reliable, clean energy to America’s largest population centers.
America’s first offshore wind farm came online in 2016 in Rhode Island state waters. As of January 2020, there are 15 active commercial lease areas for offshore wind development in federal waters, with more in the works. Interested parties, including members of the general public, industries, …View Full Resource