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Solar Pathways in Federal Energy Assistance Programs: Expanding the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)

Solar Pathways in Federal Energy Assistance Programs: Expanding the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)

Full Title: Solar Pathways in Federal Energy Assistance Programs: Expanding the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)
Author(s): Jeff Cook, Juliana Williams, Jenna Harmon, Kaifeng Xu, and Katie Nissen
Publisher(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: March 2, 2024
Full Text: Download Resource
Description (excerpt):

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) are federal programs that help low-income households reduce their energy costs. LIHEAP provides direct assistance to help households cover energy costs and stay connected to utility services, as well as weatherization and minor energy-related repairs. WAP provides no-cost energy efficiency measures to reduce energy use and energy bills while ensuring health and safety for income-qualified households. Across the United States, program administrators are implementing or considering solar energy as an eligible measure for LIHEAP and/or WAP funding, but the successful implementation pathways were largely undocumented.
This report details the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s efforts to fill that gap by analyzing LIHEAP and WAP annual plans, surveying LIHEAP grant recipients and WAP Grantees about their challenges or barriers to implementing solar, and conducting interviews and workshops with program administrators.

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