Full Title: State Energy and Environment Guide to Action: Energy Efficiency Programs and Resource Standards
Author(s): Environmental Protection Agency
Publisher(s): Environmental Protection Agency
Publication Date: August 20, 2022
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Energy efficiency programs provide significant benefits to customers, utilities, and the public by reducing energy bills, alleviating household energy burdens, reducing the emission of greenhouse gasses (GHGs) and other harmful pollutants, helping utility planners manage energy supply and demand, promoting health and safety for customers, and creating local jobs. Energy efficiency program impacts can be substantial. Some states have saved up to 2.5 percent of annual electricity sales from energy efficiency programs (ACEEE 2020d).
This chapter focuses on customer-funded energy efficiency programs and energy efficiency resource standard (EERS) policies. In recent years, annual funding for customer-funded electricity and natural gas energy efficiency programs has increased from $1.6 billion in 2006 to $8.4 billion in 2019, with program administrators in all 50 states reporting savings (ACEEE 2020d). Programs typically reach a range of customers, including residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural, while also dedicating investments to low-income households.