Full Title: The Cost of Fossil Gas: The Health, Economic and Environmental Implications for Cities
Author(s): C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group
Publisher(s): C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group
Publication Date: October 15, 2022
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Fossil gas, or natural gas, is often touted as a ‘clean’ alternative to coal and a bridge fuel to renewables. It is, however, a key part of the fossil fuel problem. It consists largely of methane, an especially potent greenhouse gas (GHG). When burned for energy, fossil gas produces significant air pollution and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions as well as harmful social, economic and environmental impacts. It accounts for around a quarter of global energy supply and a fifth of CO2 emissions from energy. Urban energy use is driving up demand.
This research assesses the climate, air quality and health impact of fossil gas use in the 96 C40 member cities, to inform actions taken by cities with regard to gas. It looks at fossil gas use across electricity, buildings (heating and cooking) and industry.