Full Title: The Four Phases of Storage Deployment: A Framework for the Expanding Role of Storage in the U.S. Power System
Author(s): Paul Denholm, Wesley Cole, A. Will Frazier, Kara Podkaminer, Nate Blair
Publisher(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)
Publication Date: January 30, 2021
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This report, the first in the Storage Futures Study (SFS) series, explores the roles and opportunities for new, cost-competitive stationary energy storage with a conceptual framework based on four phases of
current and potential future storage deployment, and presents a value proposition for energy storage that could result in substantial new cost-effective deployments. This conceptual framework provides a broader context for consideration of the later reports in the series, including the detailed results of the modeling and analysis of power system evolution scenarios and their operational implications.