Full Title: Electricity end uses, energy efficiency, and distributed energy resources baseline
Author(s): Lisa Schwartz, Max Wei, William Morrow, Jeff Deason, Steven R. Schiller, Greg Leventis, Sarah
Smith, Woei Ling Leow, Todd Levin, Steven Plotkin, Yan Zhou, and Joseph Teng.
Publisher(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: 01/2017
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This report is one of series of “baseline” reports intended to inform the second installment of the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER 1.2). QER 1.2 provides a comprehensive review of the nation’s electricity system and cover the current state and key trends related to the electricity system, including generation, transmission, distribution, grid operations and planning, and end use. This report focuses on end uses, electricity consumption, electric energy efficiency, distributed energy resources (DERs) (such as demand response, distributed generation, and distributed storage), and evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) methods for energy efficiency and DERs.
The report provides an overview of electricity consumption across all sectors, and summarizes cost, technology, and other trends for energy efficiency and DERs and their impact on electricity supply and demand. This report also describes the benefits of these resources as well as barriers to their adoption by examining a number of cross-sector and sector-specific policies, regulations, and programs.
Unless otherwise noted, the projections included in this report are drawn from an EPSA Side Case created by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis (EPSA). This EPSA Side Case is a projection for the electric generation sector through 2040 that was formulated using a version of the National Energy Modeling System (EPSA-NEMS).