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Biogas For Road Vehicles Technology Brief

Biogas For Road Vehicles Technology Brief

Full Title: Biogas For Road Vehicles Technology Brief
Author(s): Frank Scholwin, Johan Grope, Angela Clinkscales, Francisco Boshell, Deger Saygin, Alessandra Salgado & Amr Seleem
Publisher(s): International Renewable Energy Foundation
Publication Date: March 1, 2017
Full Text: Download Resource
Description (excerpt):

Switching to biogas as vehicle fuel can reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector between 60% and 80% compared to fossil-based fuels like gasoline and diesel.

This brief highlights the technologies available – both established and newly emerging – for biogas production and biogas-driven vehicle fleets. It evaluates costs, performance, and sustainability and outlines the best practices from around the globe to accelerate uptake of this key renewable transport fuel.

When sufficiently purified, it can be used in place of fossil-based gas to drive natural gas vehicles (NGVs) or dual-fuel vehicles.

Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the US were the largest producers of biogas as vehicle fuel in 2016. Worldwide, around 500 plants worldwide produce about 50 petajoules (PJ) per year of such upgraded biogas, often called biomethane.

Countries have promoted biogas-driven cars, trucks, and buses through a combination of tax exemptions, investment subsidies, and incentives for biogas injection into the natural-gas grid. China, France, the UK and Scandinavian countries, in particular, have strongly supported the transition to biogas in the transport sector.

Transport accounts for about 30% of global energy use, making renewable transport crucial for a sustainable energy future. Cost reduction remains the critical challenge. Yet increasing synergies with other power and transport technologies could further reduce biogas production costs.

All statements and/or propositions in discussion prompts are meant exclusively to stimulate discussion and do not represent the views of, its Partners, Topic Directors or Experts, nor of any individual or organization. Comments by and opinions of Expert participants are their own.

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